Weekly I/O - Learn something cool to understand the world better.
Aloha, I’m Cheng-Wei! I love learning all kinds of cool stuff to understand the world better. Every week, I share the things I learn across psychology, science, philosophy, productivity, writing, creativity, startup, actionable life hacks, and all other cool and weird stuff.
The Best of Weekly I/O:
Psychology and Science
Why people look better when they are in groups? Cheerleaders Effect
How to bargain? Try the Ackerman Bargaining Model: 65%, 85%, 95%, and 100%
Zeigarnik Effect: People remember uncompleted tasks better than completed tasks
Decoy Effect: When we are choosing between two options, introducing a third option can cause shifts in our preference between the first two items
Fitts’s Law: The time to acquire a target is a function of the distance to and size of the target in UI/UX
Benford's Law: The leading digit tends to be small for many real-life numerical data. The number 1 appears 30% of the time as the leading digit
Region-beta Paradox: People can be better off when things are much worse. While moderate situations prompt endurance, crisis triggers action
Baumol's cost disease: Why prices of labor-intensive services keep going up regardless of low productivity growth?
Why do we forget bad feelings about memories faster? Fading affect bias (FAB).
Three Levels of mint-giving: How to increase tips by 23 percent
Why did they do that? Three Attribution Traps: Fundamental Attribution Error, Actor-Observer Bias, and Self-Serving Bias
Goal Gradient Effect: The tendency to approach a goal increases with proximity to the goal
Wittgenstein’s ruler: Unless you have confidence in the ruler’s reliability, if you use a ruler to measure a table, you may also be using the table to measure the ruler.
Hanlon's razor: never attribute to malice that which is adequately explained by stupidity.
We need to hang out with people who fit our future, not our history
"He suffers more than necessary, who suffers before it is necessary." - Seneca
How to find a healthy balance between self-acceptance and self-actualization? Enthusiastic Self-improvement.
Self-actualization is possible only as a side-effect of self-transcendence. The more we forget ourselves by giving ourselves to a cause to serve or another person to love, the more we actualize ourselves.
Sub specie aeternitatis: To inspect things under the aspect of eternity and participate in eternal totality
The world makes progress by lurching from one extreme to another while overcompensating for previous mistakes.
All progress, both theoretical and practical, has resulted from a single human activity: the quest for good explanations.
Productivity and Life Hacks
Orangutan Effect: If you explain your ideas to an orangutan, the primate might be confused, but you will think more clearly in the process
Goodhart's Law: when a measure becomes a target, it ceases to be a good measure
When to make a quick decision? Happiness Test, Only-Option Test, Two-Way Door Test
You don’t get burnt out from working hundred hours a week. You get burnt out from things that don’t work out.
The reason we say "don't be upset" is often because we don't want to have our emotions synchronized and be upset.
When we want to be helpful in response to other's feeling bad, first figure out what they want is empathy or a solution.
Consider how your product makes customers "feel" instead of what it functionally does for them.
Extrinsic motivation undermines intrinsic motivation. Focus on Game Design, not Gamification.
When looking for honest feedback, ask for a 0-10 score and then ask how to get closer to a 10
"People may forget what you said, people may forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel." - Maya Angelou
The desire to be right and the desire to have been right are two desires. The sooner we separate them, the better off we are
When it comes to idea generation, quantity is the most predictable path to quality.
Writing is thinking. You can write first then derive clear perspectives from your own writing.
Set out time to write regardless of how you feel that day. It doesn't matter if it's good or not. Sit down and type. Refuse to bargain with your subconscious that says "I'm dry. Let's try tomorrow."
Stop every day right after we feel like we can write more. Save the excitement and carry it over to the next day to let momentum kick off tomorrow's work smoothly.
To get over perfectionism to write and publish more, try writing without capitalization and using the 10-Point Scale.
"A wealth of information creates a poverty of attention." - Herbert Simon
Derek Sivers' writing advice: Try writing one sentence per line.
Share cool things with me!
Also, feel free to send me any interesting ideas you came across recently!
Looking forward to learning from you!